coal gasification, any process of converting coal into gas for use in illuminating and heating. the first illuminating gas was manufactured from coal in england in the late 18th century by the process of carbonization or destructive distillation, heating coal in the absence of air, leaving a residue of coke as a by-product.
the doe gasification systems program is developing small-scale revolutionary modular designs for converting diverse types of coal into clean synthesis gas to enable the low-cost production of electricity, high-value chemicals, hydrogen, transportation fuels, and other useful products to suit market needs. advancements in this area will help enable advanced power generation and other syngas
history. in the past, coal was converted to make coal gas, which was piped to customers to burn for illumination, heating, and cooking. high prices of oil and natural gas are leading to increased interest in "btu conversion" technologies such as gasification, methanation and liquefaction. the synthetic fuels corporation was a u.s. government-funded corporation established in 1980 to create a
gasification is a process that converts organic- or fossil fuel-based carbonaceous materials into carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. this is achieved by reacting the material at high temperatures (>700 °c), without combustion, with a controlled amount of oxygen and/or steam.
in the 1870s, a more efficient method of coal gasification was developed by thaddeus s. c. lowe, an inventor who had pioneered the use of gas observation balloons during the civil war. lowe’s new process involved passing steam over superheated coal, producing a cheaper, cleaner hydrogen gas.
brayton point crusher. who has 30 years of experience in coal gasification research and development. photos: inside one company's quest to clean coal. up next.
western states may swing. fostering energy alternatives such as wind power and coal gasification. cling to guns and religion," which he made leading up to the pennsylvania primary.
where coal and clean tech meet. massachusetts firm greatpoint energy is one of few green-tech start-ups with "steel in the ground," testing a method for turning coal into cleaner-burning natural gas.