this article is written by rimjhim vaishnavi, a student of nusrl, ranchi. historical background of mining legislation in india mining is not a new phenomenon; neither the need for law regulating mining is new. there has been laws guiding and regulating mining activities since 19th century. the first proposal for regulation of mining in india came
mining in india. the mining industry in india is a major economic activity which contributes significantly to the economy of india. the gdp contribution of the mining industry varies from 2.2% to 2.5% only but going by the gdp of the total industrial sector it contributes around 10% to 11%.
the first mining operations in the kolar gold fields started in 1871 and the area still continues to be the largest supplier of gold in india. about 3,539 thousand tonnes of gold ore having 17,738 kg of gold content have been proved during the recent surveys conducted by the geological survey of india for locating new lodes.
introduction. until the time of its closure, bgml was the only world-class gold mining operation in india. the only other gold mine in the country, viz. the hutti gold mine owned by the karnataka government, is a minuscule operation and is not recognized as a proper gold mine by world standards.
kolar gold fields or kgf is a mining region and belongs to a kgf taluka, in the kolar district of karnataka state, india. robertsonpet is the headquarters of kolar gold fields. it had produced tonnes and tonnes of gold.
barrick gold corporation has one of the largest open-pit gold mines in north america located on its goldstrike mine property in north eastern nevada. other gold mines use underground mining, where the ore is extracted through tunnels or shafts. south africa has the world's deepest hard rock gold mine up to 3,900 metres 12,800 ft underground.
laws relating to mining in india. placer mining it is a process of obtaining the valuable material from placers by simple washing, by dredging, by hydraulic or other methods. quartz mining it includes mining on veins or ore bodies in place as distinguished from surface digging or washing.
hutti produced some 45,000 ounces in 2015 and even after adding gold produced as a byproduct of copper mining on the subcontinent, indias gold output is little more than 60,000 ounces.
however, there were indeed gold mines in ancient india. of the three karnataka gold mines in operation, two of them, kolar and hatti, have been in operation for thousands of years. hatti is pre-ashokan and kolar gold has turned up in gold objects found at harappa and mohenjo-daro indus valley civilization cities .
gmdc ltd is a major mining company in india. it is an enterprise of the gujarat state government. gmdc ltd is one of the most profitable mining companies in india. it is involved in projects to produce lignite, bauxite, fluorspar, manganese, silica, ball clay, bentonite and limestone. additionally gmdc ltd has also ventured into power generation.
the coal minister undertook an aerial survey and inspection of mining operations of talcher coalfields in mahanadi coalfields limited in odisha, which is the second biggest subsidiary of state-run company coal india limited cil , and contributes about 25% cent to the total coal production of cil, an official statement said.
the only mine producing gold in india is hutti gold mines limited hgml . it has reserves of approximately 600 tons and produces on an average 3 tons of gold a year. it is owned by the government of karnataka and is engaged in the mining as well as production of gold.
this list of mines in india is subsidiary to the list of mines article and lists working,and very poor country defunct and future mines in the country and is organised by the primary mineral output. for practical purposes stone, marble and other quarries may be included in this list. in india, the underground mine to surface mine ratio is 20:80.
mining is over 6000 years old in india. the oldest mines include lead-zinc mineral deposits at zawar, copper deposits at khetri, and gold deposits in karnataka. the mining techniques used back then were much ahead of their time and technology specially the smelting techniques.
gold mining in india is really quite small and hardly ever gets talked about. for a country that consumes so much gold, it is a pity that there arent more gold mines in india. during 2008-09, the value of gold mining production in india stood at rs. 312 crores which is 0.99% of the total metallic mineral production in the country at rs. 31,533.97 crores.